January 17, 2019

Graham Reintroduces 20-Week Abortion Ban

46th Annual March for Life on Friday

WASHINGTON – Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Lindsey Graham (R-South Carolina), along with Judiciary Committee members Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa), Thom Tillis (R-North Carolina), John Kennedy (R-Louisiana), Mike Crapo (R-Idaho), John Cornyn (R-Texas), Ben Sasse (R-Nebraska), Joni Ernst (R-Iowa), Marsha Blackburn (R-Tennessee) and Mike Lee (R-Utah), reintroduced the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act.

 The legislation would provide common-sense protections for unborn children at 20 weeks after fertilization, a point at which there is significant scientific evidence that abortion inflicts tremendous pain on the unborn.

Graham has introduced the Pain-Capable legislation the last three Congresses.

“I am proud to once again introduce the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act, this time as Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee,” Graham said. “There are only seven countries that allow wholesale abortions at the 20-week period, including China and North Korea. The United States should not be in that club. I don’t believe abortion, five months into pregnancy, makes us a better nation.  America is at her best when she’s standing up for the least among us and the sooner we pass this legislation into law, the better. We are on the right side of history.”

The legislation is also cosponsored by U.S. Senators Marco Rubio (R-Florida), John Barrasso (R-Wyoming), Roy Blunt (R-Missouri), James Risch (R-Idaho), James Lankford (R-Oklahoma), Rob Portman (R-Ohio), John Hoeven (R-North Dakota), Mike Braun (R-Indiana), James Inhofe (R-Oklahoma), John Boozman (R-Arkansas), Deb Fischer (R-Nebraska), Kevin Cramer (R-North Dakota), Mike Rounds (R-South Dakota), Cindy Hyde-Smith (R-Mississippi), David Perdue (R-Georgia), Jerry Moran (R-Kansas), Dan Sullivan (R-Alaska), Roger Wicker (R-Mississippi), Todd Young (R-Indiana), Mike Enzi (R-Wyoming), Richard Burr (R-North Carolina), Bill Cassidy (R-Louisiana), Mitt Romney (R-Utah), Johnny Isakson (R-Georgia), Ron Johnson (R-Wisconsin), Steve Daines (R-Montana), Tim Scott (R-South Carolina), Pat Roberts (R-Kansas), Tom Cotton (R-Arkansas), Rand Paul (R-Kentucky), Mitch McConnell (R-Kentucky), Pat Toomey (R-Pennsylvania) and John Thune (R-South Dakota).

Background on the Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act:

At the age of 20 weeks post-fertilization, scientific evidence tells us an unborn child can feel pain.  Anesthesia is administered directly to the unborn child in second-trimester fetal surgery. The unborn child shows physical, chemical, brain and stress responses demonstrating pain at this stage of development.

The Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act is based in science, has overwhelming public support, and is necessary to protect unborn children from painful and untimely deaths.

Highlights:

This legislation protects unborn babies after 20 weeks or five months, more than halfway through the pregnancy.

The United States is one of only seven countries that allows on-demand abortions past 20 weeks. The other six are: North Korea, China, Vietnam, Singapore, Canada, and the Netherlands. Pain-Capable legislation has already passed in South Carolina and other states.  They include Ohio, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Indiana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Idaho, Iowa, Oklahoma, Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, and Arizona.

Advances in modern medicine help babies born at 20, 21 and 22 weeks post-fertilization survive outside the womb. The pain these babies feel outside the womb gives evidence to the pain their unborn counterparts feel while in utero.

Ultrasounds show unborn babies at 20 weeks sucking their thumb, yawning, stretching and making faces.

Summary of Provisions:

The Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act would make it illegal for any person to perform, or attempt to perform, an abortion without first making a determination of the probable post-fertilization age of the unborn child.

If the post-fertilization age of the unborn child is determined to be 20 weeks or greater, an abortion shall not be performed, unless –

  • It is necessary to save the life of the pregnant woman;
  • The pregnancy is a result of rape and the woman has received medical treatment or counseling at least 48 hours prior to the abortion; or if she chooses to do so, has made a report to law enforcement; or
  • The pregnancy is a result of rape or incest against a minor and the abuse is reported to either social services or law enforcement.

In the case of the exceptions –

  • the abortion may only proceed in a manner that provides the best opportunity for the unborn child to survive unless that would pose a greater risk of death or serious bodily injury to the pregnant woman; and
  • the abortion provider must receive informed consent from the pregnant woman, certifying that she has been provided the child’s gestational age, a description of the law, and her rights under the law.

A woman on whom an abortion was performed in violation of this Act may bring a civil action against the abortion provider in court to recover damages.

Abortion doctors are required to submit annual data to the National Center for Health and Statistics providing statistical information about abortions carried out after 20 weeks post-fertilization age.

The criminal punishment for a violation of this Act is imprisonment of up to five years, fines, or both.

The Act makes clear that a woman who receives an illegal abortion in violation of this act may not be prosecuted.