April 24, 2008
STATEMENT OF RICHARD H. ANDERSON, CEO
DELTA AIR LINES, INC.
BEFORE THE SENATE JUDICIARY SUBCOMMITTEE ON
ANTITRUST, COMPETITION POLICY AND CONSUMER RIGHTS
"AN EXAMINATION OF THE DELTA-NORTHWEST MERGER"
APRIL 24, 2008
Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee, I want to thank you for providing me with the opportunity to address the Subcommittee about a topic that is critical to the future of every employee of Delta Air Lines, Inc. and Northwest Airlines. Last week we announced the merger of Delta and Northwest; a transaction that will create America's premiere global airline. This transaction comes at a unique and important time in the history of the airline industry and our two companies. The world is changing rapidly; business is conducted across all parts of the globe and people all around the world have unprecedented freedom and opportunity to travel abroad. The question facing the domestic airline industry is whether we will have companies with the global network and financial stability to compete in this new world against foreign carriers. Make no mistake about it; we face formidable competitors from overseas. Today foreign flag carriers carry more passengers to and from the U.S. and Europe and Asia than U.S. flag carriers. They are frequently funded by their government and benefit from regulatory policies that promote consolidation into a handful of strong competitors. The Open Skies agreements that have gone into effect recently offer domestic carriers excellent opportunities and daunting challenges as transatlantic competition will increase dramatically. The current order book for wide body Boeing and Airbus aircraft shows that U.S. carriers make up only about 5% of the buyers. We do not come here today looking for financial support, but we are looking for an opportunity to build a more financially stable U.S. airline with the global presence to compete with foreign carriers.
Our ability to remain strong financially and to compete internationally is severely impacted by the unprecedented rise in the price of oil. Continued prices of $110-$115 per barrel of oil will result in bankruptcy for some carriers and rob even the most financially sound carriers of profitability. In the last few weeks alone we have seen five carriers go into bankruptcy directly as a result of fuel prices, with four of them shutting down completely. Airlines are reporting first quarter results and the industry will likely report a loss for the quarter compared to profits for the first quarter of 2007, with the swing almost exclusively the result of increased fuel costs. We have seen the impact of bankruptcies on airline employees and customers. Since 2001, U.S. network carriers have shed more than 150,000 jobs and lost more than $29 billion. The management of Delta and Northwest believe that this merger will create a financially stronger airline, with a broad and diversified global route network that will help it weather the impact of fuel prices and the volatility of the domestic and world economies.
THE DELTA-NORTHWEST COMBINATION WILL BE A STRONG, U.S. BASED GLOBAL COMPETITOR
The combination of Delta and Northwest will create a stronger company with route systems that complement each other and will provide an opportunity to offer travelers a global network that neither airline independently could offer. Northwest for decades has been America's premiere carrier to Asia; in fact it is the only U.S. carrier with a hub in Japan that provides a convenient point to connect to the most important destinations in Asia. As a result of restrictions in bi lateral agreements between the U.S. and Japan, there is little chance that Delta would ever be able to offer comparable service. Conversely, Delta has invested substantially in building the leading service to Europe, the Middle East and Africa from the U.S., as well as a strong presence in Latin America. It is virtually impossible for Northwest to devote the capital necessary to acquire the planes to build such a franchise. As I indicated, the recent Open Skies agreements will permit any U.S. or European Union carrier to fly between the U.S. and the 27 EU member states. Already, British Airways, Virgin Atlantic and Ryanair have indicated that they will add or start new service between the U.S. and Europe, and Lufthansa is a growing presence in the U.S. The combined Delta/Northwest will generate approximately $ 1 billion a year in synergies and will have about $ 7 billion of liquidity together with the global route network that will allow us to compete in this new environment.
THE MERGER HAS BEEN STRUCTURED TO PROVIDE STABILITY AND BENEFITS FOR EMPLOYEES
Delta has a uniquely cooperative relationship with its employees, and in planning this merger the impact on employees was uppermost in our minds. I have worked at many companies, in many different jobs, in both the public and private sectors and I have never seen an employer that respects and cares about its employees more than Delta Air Lines. Delta historically has had a culture that always tries to do what is best for its people. That is particularly important in view of the immense challenges that Delta and the rest of the airline industry have faced in recent years. Given these challenges, I believe it is even more important that we work collaboratively with all of our people so that we can fight and overcome them together. As we are beginning to see, companies and employees that fail to work together are at greater risk of failure. We believe that it is important that any transaction we undertake will benefit the people of both companies, together with our customers and other stakeholders. We believe that if we take care of our people, they will take care of our customers, and we will all benefit.
Here are just some examples of how this merger will benefit our people:
a. We will set aside sufficient equity so that all employees can have an unprecedented equity stake in the merged company.
b. We will move all employees, over time, up to industry standard pay and benefits.
c. We will honor our commitment to all U.S.-based, frontline employees to provide a process for the integration of seniority in a fair and equitable manner.
d. We will maintain the existing pension plans of both companies, both for current employees and for those already retired.
e. We will maintain our top tier profit-sharing plan and operational rewards program.
f. We have assured our frontline people that there will not be any involuntary furloughs as a consequence of the merger.
g. And particularly important in view of the impact on our industry of record fuel prices and economic uncertainty, we will strengthen our airline financially and provide opportunities for our people to benefit from our planned growth and future success.
With respect to whether there will be union representation in the various crafts or classes of employees after the merger of Delta and Northwest, we have pledged to respect our employees' preferences on that issue. The Railway Labor Act, as administered by the National Mediation Board, provides a time-tested process for determining employee choices regarding representation following an airline merger. We of course will respect that process and those choices. In the meantime, we have provided a written commitment to honor the existing Northwest collective bargaining agreements consistent with applicable law, until any post-merger representation issues are resolved.
Regarding seniority protection for the frontline employees of Delta and Northwest, Delta took the initiative last year when our Board of Directors adopted a policy to provide a process for fair and equitable seniority integration for employees of both companies in any merger. We pledged to use the seniority integration provisions from the former Civil Aeronautics Board's ruling in the Allegheny-Mohawk merger. Delta and many other carriers have used the Allegheny-Mohawk provisions in prior mergers, and they are also provided for in many collective bargaining agreements in the industry. Last December Congress passed legislation that required the use of the Allegheny-Mohawk seniority integration provisions in airline mergers. Delta successfully fought to assure that the law as passed protected all employees, whether union or non-union. We carried these principles through our negotiations with Northwest and have provisions in our merger agreement that provide for seniority protection.
SMALL COMMUNITIES WILL BENEFIT FROM THE MERGER
I would like to address another issue that I know is very important to this Committee and our customers: service to small communities.
Both Delta and Northwest are very proud of their long history of serving small communities. Northwest has often been the only way for people in small towns in the upper mid-west to connect with the rest of the country and the world. Similarly, Delta was founded in a small southern city and for years its focus was serving small southern communities. We know and understand the importance of air service to the economic health of these communities. The phenomenal growth of Atlanta and the southeast in general is directly related to the superior service offered from Hartsfield Jackson Airport in Atlanta, largely by Delta. We intend to continue with these traditions and to remain the airline providing the most service to small communities from strategically located hubs in Atlanta, Minneapolis, Detroit, New York, Memphis, Cincinnati and Salt Lake City. This is not just customer service, it is good business--we have committed publicly that we will not close any hub as a result of this merger and to keep these hubs profitable we need the traffic from small communities around the country. A robust hub system is critical to the service desired by small communities. It is the most effective model to serve these communities as it allows us to use smaller aircraft to bring passengers from many small communities to the hub and offer broad connecting opportunities for these passengers. The combined Delta/Northwest will serve over 140 small communities, nearly twice the number served by our next closest competitor. The merged airline will offer new service to nearly 3,000 domestic origin and destination markets and over 6,000 new international markets, greatly expanding the ability of customers from small communities to reach every part of the country and the world on one airline.
As the economies of the world become linked more closely, we recognize the importance of air travel to the ability of small communities to compete and thrive in a world economy. This merger will open up a new range of options for our customers in small communities to put them in closer contact with the rest of the world. For example, the combined Delta/Northwest will provide customers in 48 small communities served by Northwest better access to 83 additional international destinations served by Delta today, while passengers in 51 small communities served by Delta will gain greater access to 20 Northwest international destinations. The combined airline will offer passengers over 390 global destinations on a single airline up from 250 on Northwest alone and 327 on Delta alone. Customers in small towns in the south will be able to fly to Japan and much of Asia with one easy connection on the same airline. That is not the case today. Similarly, customers in the upper mid-west will have many more options to more destinations in Europe and Latin American than they do today. Since Delta and Northwest have focused their attention on different regions, there are few overlap routes and customers will gain the benefits of a larger combined network without any material reduction in services. However, providing service to any city, whether small or large, must make economic sense and the high cost of fuel for either Delta or Northwest is far more likely to result in a reduction or elimination of service than this merger.
THE UNPRECEDENTED RISE IN THE PRICE OF FUEL HAS CREATED SERIOUS RISKS FOR THE AIRLINE INDUSTRY
No discussion about the current state of the airline industry would be complete without mentioning the devastating impact of the unprecedented rise in the price of oil. Every day we read that the price of a barrel of oil has hit new records. Over the last five years we have experienced a 28% annualized increase in oil prices and in the last 12 months alone, the price of a barrel has nearly doubled. Most analysts do not foresee the price of a barrel of oil going below $100 any time in the near future. What is less widely publicized is the equally dramatic rise in the cost of jet fuel extracted from oil. Since 2001, the cost of a gallon of jet fuel has increased over 500% and nearly doubled since December of 2006.
The airline industry is somewhat unique. When the price of oil rises and you go to fill your car up with gasoline, you pay more at the pump; there is little choice. In the airline industry, we are lucky if we can recover through fare increases even 50% of fuel price increases. The costs have to be made up somewhere else. Despite becoming more and more fuel efficient and obtaining more and more productivity from our employees and operations - Delta and Northwest have two of the lowest cost structures of the mainline carriers - the impact is dramatic. In 2003 fuel costs consumed 17¢ of every dollar of passenger revenue we received; in 2008 that number will be 43¢. Every $1 increase in the price of a barrel of oil costs Delta about $60 million. The increase from $110 to $115 per barrel in the last couple of weeks alone will cost Delta over $300 million. As a result, there are fewer dollars left to improve passenger amenities, acquire new aircraft and provide better compensation and benefits to employees.
The employees in this industry have sacrificed time and time again. The dramatic rise in fuel costs has resulted in much of the cost savings our employees have generated through productivity and benefit losses being used to pay for fuel rather than to improve the product. In effect, it has eroded most of the sacrifices they have made to make their company viable and sustainable in the future. Merging Delta and Northwest will create a much more financially stable company with approximately $7 billion in liquidity and $1 billion in annual synergies. The combined airline will be able to withstand an 80% greater increase in fuel price than either airline standing alone, and still maintain profitability. This financial strength and flexibility, much greater than either airline standing alone, will provide additional resources to help weather this unprecedented fuel cost environment and a softening domestic market.
THIS MERGER WILL BE BENEFICIAL TO CUSTOMERS
I have already touched on some of the key benefits our customers can expect such as significantly expanding the number of domestic and foreign locations that will be available from the merged airline. There will be other benefits such as a common frequent flyer program that will provide more opportunity to earn miles, more schedule options, and more efficient routes for connecting passengers as we optimize the combined hub structure. Of equal importance, the financial stability and flexibility the combined carrier will have will allow for re-investment in our product such as planes, in flight services and reservation systems. For example, we have publicly declared our intention to exercise options to purchase up to 20 new wide body jets between 2010 and 2013 to upgrade our fleet for international flying.
We are mindful of the difficulties in combining the complex operations of two airlines and that other airline mergers have encountered problems that have inconvenienced customers. Delta and Northwest are committed to making this merger seamless and trouble free to our passengers. Both Delta and Northwest are members of the SkyTeam alliance and are used to working cooperatively. Our frequent flyer programs, customer lounges and IT systems have been partially integrated already. In addition, we will be able to build on the decades long partnership between Northwest and KLM (now a part of Air France) and the long standing relationship between Delta and Air France. All of these factors will help smooth the integration process for our customers.
THE MERGER DOES NOT HARM COMPETITION
Doug Steenland's written submission will deal extensively with the pro competitive impact of this proposed merger and I will not repeat all of those points. I will simply say that these two airlines have complementary networks; Delta's domestic focus is in the east and mountain west while Northwest focuses on the upper mid-west. There are only twelve domestic nonstop overlapping markets. Even these nonstop overlaps do not cause competitive problems, as Doug's statement indicates. Similarly, on connecting route overlaps, potential competitive effects are mitigated by the presence of low cost carriers, the relatively small market shares of Delta and Northwest, alternative airports and the likelihood that legacy carriers will expand into these markets. In addition, the transaction will generate significant efficiencies through such factors as more efficient matching of aircraft to routes that will enable the combined carrier to be financially stable and to offer a better product to customers, such as a broad global network and enhanced airport presence.
In closing, I would like to acknowledge the support we have received from Delta people throughout the company. It has been a little more than a week since we announced the merger. We have been traveling our system from Atlanta to Cincinnati to New York to Salt Lake City and I am happy to say that Delta people are very excited about what this means to them. I believe that Doug will report the same about Northwest's employees.
Last week we had a meeting in Atlanta attended by almost 2000 employees. Some of our people have traveled here today to show their support. Our people appreciate the fact that we are taking proactive steps to provide a more secure, financially stronger company in these times of increased foreign competition, record-setting fuel prices and a weakening economy. They don't want us standing still. We look forward to welcoming Northwest employees to join with their Delta counterparts to create and enjoy the benefits of being part of America's premier global airline.