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Mr. Robert B. McDuff
May 10, 2006
As a native of Mississippi, who lives there and was born and grew up there, and a person who has spent much of his 25 years as a lawyer representing African-American voters in voting rights cases in Mississippi and elsewhere, I have seen the dramatic changes in that state and I also see how far we have to go in order to achieve true equality of opportunity among the races. I am one of many people in that state, black and white, who understand the indispensable role the Voting Rights Act has played in the progress that has taken place, and who strongly believes that the provisions of the Act must be renewed in order to maintain and build upon that progress.
A great deal of progress also occurred in Mississippi and the South in the decade after the Civil War. But when federal protections were withdrawn at the end of Reconstruction, the promises of the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments were extinguished as black citizens were excluded from public life by the Mississippi constitutional convention of 1890 and similar actions in state after state. It took Congress, with the passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act and the 1965 Voting Rights Act, to begin restoring the promises of the Civil War amendments after the decades of segregation and brutal discrimination that characterized the latter part of the nineteenth century and the better part of the twentieth.
Attached is a report I have prepared on the operation of the Voting Rights Act in Mississippi and the importance of Section 5 to that state.